Holton Heath, known by most as a small halt on the Railway line between Poole and Wareham is located on the northern shores of Poole Harbour.

The Royal Naval Cordite Factory, (RNCF), was built here during the 1914-18 war, on the instructions of Winston Churchill, then the First Lord of the Admiralty. The factory was the first of its type to be built for the supply of cordite exclusively to the Royal Navy and produced cordite until its closure in 1959. The factory site now encompases an industrial estate, a large nature reserve, and (until the end of 1997) a division of the Defense Research Agency. During World War Two, decoy sites were built. One on the aptly named "Decoy Heath" near Wareham, the second near the village of Arne.

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