Maiden Castle, Dochester, Dorset, England

One of the finest Iron Age fortified villages in England. It was built on the site of a much earlier causewayed camp. Neolithic defenses have been uncovered below the Iron Age ramparts. The Celts expanded Maiden Castle (Mai Dun) building the ramparts to a height of 60 feet. However this proved inadequate against the Roman 2nd Legion, who, under their commander Vespasian defeated the Durotriges in the 1st century AD. After using the site as a temporary military outpost the Romans founded the town of Durnovaria (Dorchester) and moved out. Maiden Castle was never occupied again, and has remained derelict for 2,000 years.

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